by Dominic Gates
Originally published: January 16, 2017
I will not recommend for membership in this union any other than members of the white race.”
That may sound like some old declaration from the Deep South. But until after World War II, that was part of the oath sworn by members of the International Association of Machinists (IAM) union, which represented Boeing workers in the Puget Sound region.
The union, which organized the Boeing workforce here in 1935, was hardly the sole barrier to racial integration at Boeing. From the company’s founding in 1916, management had not hired a single black person.